adapted from Joseph. Hallinan, Why we make mistakes Original Sentence: "Leaders empower employees through consistent information sharing and increased decision-making responsibility and autonomy." -paul Marciano, carrots and Sticks Don't Work get Carrots and Sticks Don't Work from m Paraphrase: When leaders regularly share information, give decision-making authority, and. adapted from paul Marciano, carrots and Sticks Don't Work Original Sentence: "Learning occurs best when new information is incorporated gradually into to the memory store rather that when it is jammed in all at once. john Medina, brain Rules Get Brain Rules from m Paraphrase: The best way to learn something it is to study it a little at a time instead of trying to memorize it all at the same time. adapted from John Medina, brain Rules VirtualSalt Home learning Strategy 1: Mnemonics learning Strategy 2: Paraphrasing learning Strategy 3: Summarizing learning Strategy 4: Self Monitoring learning Strategy 5: Self Explanation learning Strategy 6: Mental Rehearsal learning Strategy 7: Self Assessment learning Strategy 8: The sq3r. V i r t u a l s a.
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This is perhaps the most useful benefit of paraphrasing. Some writers use overly elaborate sentence structures or too much jargon or unnecessarily abstract vocabulary. Some writing is simply difficult to understand. Many great thinkers lack the ability to express themselves as clearly as we would hope. Paraphrasing is your opportunity to translate difficult writing into clearer writing. How to paraphrase The formula for paraphrasing is: read the sentence or passage over jawaharlal and over until you really understand. Write out the meaning, either in outline form or conversational style locate the main ideas and arrange the order you want to present them Write the paraphrase from your rearranged outline Check to see that you have preserved the meaning and included all the ideas. (you can't make an idea your own simply by changing it into your own words. You still need to cite the source of the idea.) Examples of Paraphrases Original Sentence: "It turns out to be very difficult, for instance, to unlearn or ignore bad information-even when we know it is wrong or should be ignored." -joseph. Hallinan, Why we make mistakes Get Why we make mistakes from m Paraphrase: even when we are told that some information is wrong and should be disregarded, we still find it hard to forget it or avoid.
You can copy the exact words robotically without even thinking and therefore with less understanding. And without understanding, you are likely to forget the information sooner because your brain didn't connect it to anything else. Make the idea your own. Using paper your own writing style, your own vocabulary, and your own thinking adds the idea to your regular mental inventory. When someone asks, "What was the point of the book?" you are more likely to answer in your natural style rather than in the possibly elaborate vocabulary and phrasing of the book. Paraphrasing Allows you to Organize ideas. You can use paraphrasing to, put the ideas in a different order. If the writer discusses things in an order different from the one you find most useful for your study, rearrange them in your paraphrase to emphasize what is important.
Paraphrasing Is an Aid to learning. Paraphrasing is a valuable learning strategy for the following reasons: Active engagement with the material. The act of turning a statement into your own words and writing them down (or typing them up) engages your mind and body with the content. Writing or typing up sentences involves kinesthetic (physical movement) interaction with the material as well as mental. Paraphrasing causes you to think about the ideas rather than just dumping them into your brain unexamined. Active engagement improves your memory of the ideas. Even copying the idea down word for word increases retention, whether or not you ever review your notes. But paraphrasing is even more powerful for aiding memory. In order to convert an idea into your own words, you must think about it and understand what the writer or speaker is telling you.
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Date of publication or most recent update. Name of organization associated with site. Date of when you accessed the novel document. m (If information is not available then leave that section out). For more complex citations please consult a stylebook. Learning Strategy 2: Paraphrasing, learning, strategy 2: Paraphrasing, robert Harris. Version Date: February 27, 2014, a paraphrase is a restatement of an idea into your own words.
You turn a sentence you have read or heard into about the same number of your own words. Different words, same meaning. For example: Original sentence: "The amount of pleasure and satisfaction we derive from experience has as much to do with how the experience relates to expectations as it does with the qualities of the experience itself." -barry Schwartz, the paradox of, choice. Paraphrase: How much you enjoy and are pleased with an experience depends as much on what you expected from it beforehand as it does on what you actually experienced. . adapted from Barry Schwartz, the paradox of Choice. Here we have 32 words paraphrased into 28 words, which is a similar number. The central idea of a paraphrase is that it preserves all the meaning desk and details (whereas a summary omits details and preserves only the main ideas).
Generally the woks cited should include the name of the author, the name of the article used (if applicable the name of the publication, the city of publication, and the year of publication of all the references that you used to write your essay. Hints, list your sources in alphabetical order based on the first word in each citation (ignore words such as "the" and "a. Double space your works cited page. If the citation spans across multiple lines, indent all lines after the first line. The following are formats of how to cite common sources (in mla format).
Books, author's Last Name, author's First Name and Middle name/Initial. Place of Publication: Publishing Company name, year of Publishing. Encyclopedias, author's Last Name, author's First Name and Middle name/Initial. Year of Edition or Edition Number. Magazines, author's Last Name, author's First Name and Middle name/Initial. Title of Magazine, day of Month (If applicable) Month year: Page number(s) of article. Websites, author's Last Name, author's First Name and Middle name/Initial. Name of Editor (First Name last Name).
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If you make a change in the"tion, such as an underline or bold text in part of the"tion, note it in parentheses after the"tion. EX: "Directly after a spelling error revelation sic (my underline). Use parenthesis ( ) for information that you add after a" and square brackets for information you add within the"tion. Usually, when you use a"tion, it's appropriate to cite the author's name within the text. In that case, you need only to reference the page number of the"tion. Works Cited, the works cited section goes on a new page after the end of your essay. Put the text "Works Cited" at the top center of the page.
Reference pages by number only. P.179 is not be used). The mla system is an in-text method of citing sources and includes just enough information to help your reader find the information in the works cited page. Although a" from an expert can add impact to your essay, in most cases you should try to either paraphrase or summarize the information, using citation to reference your source. However, when you do use direct"tions, follow these rules: Insert the"tion exactly as it was written, errors and all. Directly after a spelling error in a" insert the word sic. EX: "Directly after a spelling errer sic. If you don't use the whole"tion, use an ellipses followed by trailing"tion marks (." horse ) to signify that it isn't the whole"tion.
the author's surname and page number in parenthesis. If you reference the author's name in the text of your essay, it's necessary to include only the page number. EX: In picture books, such as coffee table photography books, the author usually pays for the photographs or permissions to use them. (bykofsky and Sander, 141). EX: According to bykofsky and Sander, in books containing a majority of photos, like coffee table picture books, the author purchases the photos. Notice, that when there are two authors, both of their surnames are mentioned. When there are more than two authors, they are referenced as such: (Smith, jones, et al, 179).
With the increased environmental awareness many new businesses have been established based on pollution control. They regulate the standards on pollution output and help to assure that businesses play by the rules. With the reduction of pollution we have seen many positive benefits for life in general. No one really knows if the years before 1970 when pollution ran free were insignificant to today; however those years do reflect very large economic drains. In-Text Citations, use in-text essay citations when you: Add a direct" to your essay. Paraphrase an idea from a source. Summarize information from a single owl source.
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Paraphrase Essay research Paper, pollution Control: Costs and Benefits, by deTocqueville. The root words for ecology and economy share the same meaning they both mean home regulation. Critics have said that the economy will grow much faster without concerns of polluting the environment. When people began to preserve and clean the environment we live in they faced many problems such as brown- outs increased inflation more unemployment and other economic setbacks. Thus the economy and environment were handled separately with paper respect to the other. Of course this upset many people and gave them a sense of insecurity in their jobs. Some said that the United States of America could not afford to preserve the environment and progress economically at the same time. In very recent times those same critics have changed their stand and now believe that preserving and cleaning the environment while progressing economically are achieved mutually. Government programs the private sector and employees have produced a balance in the two economies through greater morale and new business.