Yet, few farmers are into goat rearing in the country, most of the goats consumed in Nigeria comes from the niger Republic and the north. Nigerian Dwarf goats is popular in the south and Eastern part of the country but only kept for family consumption and sold in the local markets occasionally despite the huge demand. Any serious farmer who would take goat farming to the next level will have serious money to make. Goat farming is a big and profitable business Anywhere in the world. In this article, i will explain how anyone can start goat farming on a small scale and grow to any size he want within couple of years in any part of the globe. I want to make this article as comprehensive as possible and as people begin to share their ideas and understanding in goat farming business through comments, i hope this will end up becoming great resource for small scale goat farmers much like the poultry farming.
Goat, farming, a growing Alternative in Cubas Reform
These are the reasons goat farming is considered by wise farmers age as a very lucrative business and summary it is increasingly becoming very popular among modern farmers in Nigeria. Opportunities In, goat, farming All over The world, in India and Nepal, goat farming is one of the major source of income for families and bigger farmers are producing larger quantity for export. China, india, and pakistan are currently the largest producer of goat in the world with the opportunities still great there for any new farmer who would like to tap the gain. Nepal is said to still import about.3million live goat yearly from the neighboring countries such as India, meaning that the opportunity is very much huge in that country for any would be goat farmer. Australia is the largest exporter of live goat and goat products in the world, yet they are still not meeting the demand of countries where they export. The opportunities in Australia for new farmers are equally great and increasing rapidly. In United Kingdom, almost all the supermarkets sells goat meats and other goat products like the milk, cheese, butter, and yogurt. The demand is quite high and farmers there are not meeting those demands in full. There are plenty of money making opportunities for goat farmers. In Nigeria, goat meat is widely consumed locally and forms major part of the peoples delicacies. The popular goat meat pepper soup is so tasty that people come from far and wide to have a taste.
A boer Breed, here in Nigeria, the goat milk is still not yet widely consumed because farmers are not yet taking advantage of the opportunity. Would gps you be the farmer to make this happen? The meat is believed to be the best animal meat available anywhere in the market for good reasons. Not only does the meat taste great, it is also lower in fat than chicken but contains higher protein than beef, that makes it better than chicken and beef. Goat meat has a unique taste that is very difficult to describe but very appealing to the taste bud. There are other products that can be derived from. Goat milk such as cheese, yogurt, ice cream, and butter. Anything that cow milk can offer, goat milk can also offer.
Average amount of feed for 16 weeks:. Suitable location: Backyards or any available space. Potential growth: Business has the book potential to expand to a turkey farm. See also: The poultry farming ebook suitable for Turkey hafiz is a young designer, that loves anything creative. I dabble in poetry, electronics and graphic design. Enthusiastic about physics and computer-technology, a big fan of blogging. Connect with Hafiz on Facebook. Goat farming is one of the most rewarding animal rearing business anyone can engage in anywhere in the world. Goat meats are widely accepted and consumed round the globe, while the milk is also gaining in popularity and is being sold in supermarkets across the United States, europe and Asia and represent the bulk of the liquid milk market.
The toms should weigh.5 kg and the hens should weigh.5 kg at that stage. Marketing Turkey when they are up to the market size the next thing is to sell them. Erecting posters to let your neighbors know you are selling turkey is a good idea if you are good at shrewd bargaining. Shipping them off to the market is a more efficient approach as they could all be sold at once except usually at a lower price than directly to people. Both methods are fairly easy and yield a lot of profits, finding an animal market wouldnt be a problem if you know your locality well, sell to any marketer or dealer that shows interest, its as simple as that. Expected Profit Margin The expected profit margin is difficult to discern because the market for live animals widely vary but generally it should be at around 87, that is N66,000 (NGN) in your pockets after three painstaking months. Brief Summary capital to start the business : N104,600 Monthly expenditures: N3,430 Potential customers: Market, animal markets and most of your neighbourhood. Marketable weight:.5 kg Marketable age: 16 weeks. Daily amount of feed per bird: 150 grams.
How to Start
List of Required Items and Price The items list is split in two, one representing everything you will need according to the model we are adopting for ten turkeys and from the 4/5 week old, and the other is just representing the general price. First List of Items: Item Description Qty Price (Naira) feeder Linear, 7-10cm long. 5 5000 Water trough 6 5900 coop/Cage cage made of wood covered with corrugated zinc. Ten square meters with cement flooring. 1 35,500 Turkey birds 4 weeks progress old.
10 17,000 feed (specify) average feed consumption for ten turkeys for 14 weeks (for maize and other similar grains). 240 kg 32,200 Supplementary diet This is the price for different variety of the additional nutritional feeds that it should at least amount. 4,000 Veterinary services Depends widely on your region and expertise. Once 2,000 Vaccines Twice 3,000 Total 104,600 Second List of Items: Item Price (Naira) Metal cage 37,000 Starters mash 4,000 Growers mash 5,500 Other Hybrid feed 5,500 (It is okay to feed you birds hybrid feed or a mix with regular feed but. All prices listed report in the second list are estimates) Market size the right market age for turkey is 16 weeks of age.
Their diet requires about 25 proteins and a good amount (1) of calcium because of their large size. When it comes to consumption of water they require an around-the-clock supply of clean water, and the water troughs should be filled even more regularly during the hot season. They feed on 150 grams of feed every day per bird, which is like half a mudu of millet for each turkey. The total feed consumption of the toms is estimated at about 20 kg from 4-16 weeks. The total feed consumption for the hens is estimated at about 15 kg from 4-16 weeks. You can feed them with hybrid feeds or feed them a mix of both common and hybrid feeds.
They also eat leftovers, a little bit of fruits and vegetables are also recommended to meet their dietary needs most especially onions. Some points to consider when feeding your turkey birds for optimum results are; They should be fed during the cooler parts of the day, morning or afternoon. Always provide them with clean water. Water troughs should always be full at all times. Provide more waterers during summer/hot season. Avoid pouring the feed on the floor but in feeders. When change is made from one diet to another take precaution to withdraw gradually from their former diet by mixing it with the new diet when feeding them. List of Major feeds soybeans Millet Rice corn Wheat (recommended) Sorghum Supplementary feeds Onions Watermelon Egg shell grit (30-40 grams per bird occasionally) Fish (both dried and fresh) Hybrid feeds Turkey starters mash (4-5 weeks old) Turkey growers mash (5-8 weeks old) Turkey finisher Chicken.
Business, plan for Entrepreneurs
The height should be up.5 to 3 meters from the floor to roof with a meter long overhang to prevent rain from splashing into the coop. Floor Space the required space for a fully grown turkey is at least one square meter per bird. So for ten barbing birds they will about need a minimum of 10 square meters. Avoid overcrowding the birds to prevent trampling and to ensure that each bird had enough to eat. Floor covering saw dust, wood shavings and other similar materials should be used for the floor covering. It should be about 2 inches thick and gradually increased to 4 inches and it should be raked regularly to prevent caking. Feed and feeding What turkey eats is similar to what chickens eat. Mostly grains and occasionally even feeds on greens and vegetables.
Install a hot filament bulb in the coop, hanging from the roof to provide heat during cold nights. Debeaking And toe clipping, cutting of the beak and clipping of their toe is essential to prevent them from injuring each other. They require vaccination at least twice times from 0 10 weeks. A veterinarian will best explain what your turkey needs. Deworming should be done at least once a month, the deworming drug is usually mixed with their water. Behaviour, turkey tend to be easily frightened by a persons presence which may result in a stampede when inside a cage. They may injure themselves by trampling, so when handling them it is best done in low light. Shelter For Turkey, rearing, turkeys are kept in low cost rearing pen/cages called coops. They could essay be made of iron or wood and covered with corrugated zinc sheets.
and. Turkey, rearing, requirements, turkey rearing is fairly easy compared to other birds and advantageous as they are highly resistant to diseases and they exhibit a low mortality rate once they have grown past their infancy stage (0 4 weeks) also known as brooding. They could be raised in a free-range setting, that is letting them out from their cage to an open surrounding area and there is the semi-intensive, where they are kept in a cage/room throughout the rearing process. The first system is very economical as they could fend for themselves most of their dietary needs but the latter system enables them to grow faster and bigger because of the attention they will get. I suggest you start with the 4-5 weeks old turkeys those past their brooding stage (or else contact other sources for a more elaborate insight on the topic they are easily recognized by the red combs protruding from their heads at that stage. Key fundamental Subject Matters In Turkey, rearing, breed, there are numerous varieties of turkey but there is not much difference between them, some are good at egg production and others meat. We wont be bothering ourselves with hybrids since they require an intensive farming system. The male turkey known as toms are much heavier than their female counterparts known as hens and hence the former fetches higher earnings in the market. To achieve higher productivity separate the toms from the hens in the cage. Temperature, provide ample shade around the surrounding of your turkey rearing area, and make sure if they are in their cages roll the covers up so that the cage will be well ventilated.
See also: How to start quail Farming In Nigeria. The turkey rearing model in this article is meant for simple rearing of the birds in a backyard setting, where the objective is to fatten them for a period of time and then sell them when they have reached market size. Suitable for up to fifty turkeys and as little as five depending on your space and not for hundreds of turkey birds as it is in a poultry farm. So, business we are going to proceed with all calculations based on ten turkeys, you can multiply or divide up the total sum of capital needed according to your requirements. Where to buy turkey, you can easily obtain your first assemblage of turkeys from your neighborhood or in a local farm near you. Watch out closely for those with defects, their defects are quiet visible and easy to discern. See also: How to start Grasscutter Farming In Nigeria, kenya, and Ghana.
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The turkey fowl is a common poultry bird in Nigeria, usually locally raised at homes. It is reared for its meat and eggs. According to government reports, nigeria is not producing poultry meat or any other meat for that matter satisfactorily enough for its consumption. The situation is so desperate frozen fowl meat is being imported into the country from Benin Republic legally and illegally. The government past and present introduced a ban on foreign meat (especially turkey) challenging local turkey rearing farmers to match the demand for the gargantuan appetite. Because of the incredible high demand for turkey meat across the country, venturing into the turkey rearing business is fetching yourself a lot in profits. And the best part is you can start with as little as N40,000 (NGN).