Graffiti, graffiti is another of the main expressive elements that made up the hip Hop culture. "Graffiti represented the visual, emceeing and dj produced the music, and b-boying was the dance. In the early days of hip-hop, all of these elements were deeply intertwined." (graffiti and Hip Hop, online). Graffiti was normally an expression of the political activists in Hip Hop, people who wanted to mark their territory. Graffiti would be found all around the city, particularly on subways. People suddenly did not have to visit the hispanic parts of the city to become face to face with the hip Hop culture that was emerging, as graffiti was bought to them, a permanent reminded of the current sub-culture that was growing around them.
The vibe history of Hip Hop Paperback
What made hip Hop dance so interesting when being performed in the Bronx was the ability to beauty see such a range of new moves, new ideas, new ways of expressing. However with Hip Hop dance today, in the music videos created in the money making world, how often do we see a range of creativity? In my opinion hardly ever. Sure the choreography might involve different steps, but it will almost definitely involve a focus on female dancers, carrying out a version of 'booty-shaking torso popping and hair flicking. Moves which emphasises the woman figure and create a more sexual orientated atmosphere. There is no denying that the attention to the movement of the âbum. Does not link back to moves that would have been found in African history, but Hip Hop in its original day was not all about just that. Just like how many more times can a hip Hop artist swear in a song, how many more times can a hip Hop dancer booty-shake? Booty-shaking that existed originally as one of many hip Hop moves has been taken and pushed forward to be portrayed as what Hip Hop dance. The money making corporate world knows that 'sex sells and to them the more 'sexy' moves the better.
The style has adopted a large range of different skills which have developed over time. The dance includes "breaking, popping, locking, and free styling, while its movements indulge jumps, breakages, and rotations. Such elements make this dance style amazingly explosive and truly informal." (Hip Hop Dancing). Hip Hop dance has received a renowned respect for being a genre which demands such a high level of personal creativity. Just like the musicians, the dancers develop their own identity to how they dance, and they cannot be wrong. Dance genres such as ballet, demands a specifically noticeable technical ability which normally requires years of intense training. Hip Hop however enables an openness that summary most genres do not, a freedom to move however you wish. The only requirement which can be seen is an understanding and respect as a creative culture.
Hip Hop Dance, the gangs of the Bronx strongly influenced the development of the hip Hop dance style. The gang experience and forced 'hard' and 'strong' persona they was almost required to be taken seriously among the streets can been seen of an influence in the dance of Hip Hop. More specifically the dance style 'uprocking'. Before gangs were going into battle, it was known that they would perform a particular dance in order to get the adrenaline running and bring an aggressive nature to the surface. The gang members would carry out movements that would resemble actions that would take place in moments of violence with an enemy. The dance would consist of kicks and 'strikes between the dancers'. In the early days, hip Hop dance was an outwardly body expression specific to that person and their feelings spurred on from the beats and rhythms in the music being heard.
"The kids who were into the breaks started calling themselves b-boys and the wild, acrobatic style of dancing which accompanied the playing of the breaks became known as breaking. The better Bronx DJs like kool Herc, Afrika bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash started mixing two copies of the same record to make the breaks last longer (The roots of Hip Hop, online) This was when the 'dancers would be creating the moves that inspired the. Bringing it Back to the Streets. The vocal percussion called 'beatboxing is known to have grown originally as an 'urban form'. The 'beat box' drum machines used to create the breaking that the more established mc and dj artists were using, could not be afforded by the majority of the hip Hop creators on the streets. Therefore if the breaks could not be made for them, then they would make the breaks themselves through the skill of beatboxing. These soon established 'beatboxers' were 'imitating drum sounds and beat patterns using the lips, tongue, mouth, throat, and voice. It's summed up with the image of a guy in a hoodie with his hands cupped over his mouth spitting and making wonderful noises.' the real History of beatboxing: Part.
The historical roots of Hip Hop - teachRock
It was seen as a skill of anger 'rhythmic talking over a funk beat." (P8 The rap attack). Let's Work together, it was not long until these new styled DJs and Rap artists would come together and put the two talents together for everyone around to hear. One of the first DJs to explore this collision was 'dj kool Herc' in 1975, who is often referred to today as a 'godfather' of Hip Hop. Another popular dj at this time was 'love bag Starski and was known as the first to refer to this new found culture as 'hip Hop'. With the fast development of rap in the early 80s, rap music records where being played everywhere around America. However in the Bronx the listeners were still excited about the beats of the records and soon became obsessed with what was known as 'the break' of the records, where the lyrics of a track would stop and all that could be heard were the. (P14 The rap attack) These breaks in the records would be what the listeners would be waiting for, and the dancers to 'do their thing'.
This response led dj's to open up their creativity as dj's. From just playing records from start to finish, they would use the breaks as their bass and play around with cutting, repeating, layering, using turntables, extending parts of the records however they wished and felt at the time. Their time of developing a creative identity came. Suddenly the chances of hearing one copy of a james Brown record did not exist. (P14 The rap attack). Around 1973, the new craze of longer lengths of the breaks was reflected in the longer length of improvised moves of the dancers. Soon a new name 'break-dancer' was what these dancers started to call themselves, or b-boys and b-girls for short.
And over the few years, whilst not only was Hip Hop gradually developing as a music, dance and art form, so was their range of listeners. More and more people outside of New York were becoming familiar with the genre, and soon an identity had been created for these youths. They had become what they had longed for, a 'something' which was making an impact. Not only were the youth creating the music, dancing to the music but they were living the hip Hop genre as a way of life. But not at the time were they aware of the size of impact they were going to have on the rest of the world.
(youtube 1, Dropping science 230). It was the disco djs in the clubs where the roots of the hip Hop music style began. An interest grew of paying attention to the 'blending' of one track into the next one, as opposed to finishing one and the starting another. The djs began 'matching tempos to make a smooth transition'. The reaction from the crowds was nothing but excitement as they became witness to gradual build up beats and phases would suddenly put you into a whole new track. (P 12 The rap attack). At a similar time as DJs finding a new and exciting craze in paying attention with and playing around with the beats and tempos of tracks, originally mcing referred to today as rapping was being developed in the streets of the Bronx. Rapping is one of the main elements which had always been at the heart of the hip Hop genre.
Now That's a bad Bitch!: The State of Women in Hip-Hop
Hip Hop was a new form invented by the kids who struggled with money, and the place they would learn from was on the streets. They used the pieces of music from their roots, their blood, music influences such as blues, gospel and jazz to create a new genre. The genres which their ancestors would have known during the slave trade back in the south of America. A time of similar misery, and expression of the same pain and sorrow in their souls was being called out. For them there were many similarities with their ancestors. Hip Hop was something the youth could get excited about, and have a passion for. It was something that no amount of money or fuller person could get in their way and stop them.
To many there seemed no choice, it was either poverty or crime. It is the frustration and anger created by these conditions, especially the lack of report any opportunities to improve their situation, that gave rise to the birth of Hip Hop. Hip Hop became that way out, and the music and rhythms of their ancestors were reborn within Hip Hop. The 'ancient African tribal rhythms and musical traditions' travelled with the slaves and remained an important part of the life of an African slave in America, and "after 300 years of slavery in the so called Land of the Free the sounds of Old Africa. Rapping, the rhythmic use of spoken or semi-sung lyrics grew from its roots in the tribal chants and the plantation work songs to become, an integral part of black resistance to an oppressive white society." (The roots of Hip Hop, online). Hip Hop, like its direct ancestor, the Blues, were both born out of social deprivation and the determination to use the experience in a positive way, and to escape the clutches of poverty. 3 The development of Hip Hop, video 1 briefly shows an interview with a man on the streets of the Bronx, shot in 1986. He talks about how the music programs in the schools of New York would often 'cut out' because of budget problems, and the only way for the kids in the schools to get music lessons would be to pay for them outside of school, which.
also felt enslaved in a system which seemed to offer them no way out. 'America condoned the "peculiar institution" of slavery from 1619 up until the passage of the 13th Amendment to the constitution which abolished "slavery and involuntary servitude" on December 18, 1865.' (Bruno, anthony (no date) online). When slavery was abolished in 1865 (Bruno, anthony (no date) online and the slaves were suddenly freed, the necessity to work and earn money to survive led them to emigrate to the richer Northern states of America, to cities such as Washington, Chicago and New. As well as a large number of Africans moving to the northern Cities, so did many latinos who had originally emigrated from Mexico, and puerto. The same attraction of a better life and a chance to make money spurred on their movement North. The Afro-Americans and Latino youth that grew up in the streets of these northern cities, were the originators of Hip Hop. However, although Latino groups, particularly in New York, made a huge contribution to hip Hop, there is no doubt that the main influences on Hip Hop came from the African American population. Lack of education and strong prejudice against African Americans led to the being stuck with the 'dead end poorly paid jobs and these conditions led to a high level of crime and violence, particularly involvement of drug dealing.
In order to answer the barbing question 'is Hip Hop dead?' it is first necessary to define my understanding of the question. In this essay i will be evaluating the health of Hip Hop, not in terms of its popularity or the money it generates but in terms of its health as an art form: is it still a thriving, growing, developing form or has it stagnated. I will be looking at the artistic growth of Hip Hop as well as the effect that commercialisation has had. My essay charts the decline of the 'rawness' that was at the core of Hip Hop in its early phase of development in New York city, when it was recognised and respected for it's 'in the moment' personal creativity, where the dancing would bounce off. 2 The Origins of Hip Hop, hip Hop is an art form that "includes rapping rap music, graffiti writing, particular dance styles (including break dancing specific attire, and a specialized language and vocabulary". To master an art in Hip Hop required a creative and expressive skill, whether it be a physical expression, rhythmical lyrics, vocal percussion, playing with the many aspects of music or graffiti art. Hip Hop is also a cultural movement which grew and developed primarily amongst poor black kids in the streets of the south Bronx, new York city, in the mid to late 1970s. These were young Afro-American kids, descended from slaves bought over from Africa in the 18th and 19th centuries who lived in poor social conditions: broken families, poverty, poor education, lack of any job opportunities and much radical prejudice, and police prejudice.
M Where All neighborhoods Get Along
Print, reference this, published: 23rd March, 2015 "Hip Hop was born in the early 1970s amongst poverty and gang violence in the south Bronx. In the beginning of Hip Hop djing, mcing, graffiti writing, and break dancing were used as a way to channel the energy thesis of the youth in a more positive wayâ. Thirty years later things have changed, the game is more serious. There is a lot more money involved, there is a lot more at stake, some say it is dead. If so, who killed it?" (youtube 2). In this essay i will look at the growth of Hip Hop as an art form, from its origins in New York through to its transition into the world wide phenomenon we are familiar with today. My main focus will be to explore and understand why so many people seem to be asking the question 'is Hip Hop dead?'.