Venting negative feelings or receiving rewards for postings are not seen as important motives. Analyses of the differences between occasional and very frequent readers of other travelers' reviews indicate that frequent readers plan pleasure trips even more in. Advance, perceive planning as even more important and enjoyable, and become even more involved in trip planning. Frequent travel review readers are also even less likely to make impulsive decisions and are more likely to seek out other people's advice when planning trips. In addition, frequent review readers use the Internet even more and are even more likely to look at other consumers' materials, read travel-related blogs, watch videos online and use interactive trip planners. They are more likely to use travel reviews throughout all trip planning stages and more likely think that online travel reviews are important for a variety of travel-related decisions. Almost 88 percent think travel reviews are important for deciding where to stay.
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Similarly, a review's usefulness is most frequently judged based on the reviewer's travel experience (78.5 similarity in terms of activities engaged in during a trip (68.2 trip purpose (64.4) and similarity in terms of age, gender or marital status (53.1). However, the study respondents also provided an extensive list of additional cues used to judge travel reviews. Most online review readers perceive other travelers' reviews as being more likely to provide up-to-date information, enjoyable information, and reliable information compared to content posted by travel service providers. Where travelers' reviews do not seem to provide such clear advantages is in terms of offering detailed and relevant information. Travel review readers perceive that other travelers' online reviews have great impacts on their pleasure trip planning process. Almost all agree that travelers' reviews help them learn about a travel destination, product or service, help them evaluate alternatives, help them avoid places they would not enjoy and also provide them with ideas. Over 80 percent also agree that reading other travelers' online reviews increases confidence in decisions, makes it easier to image what a place would be like, helps reduce risk/uncertainty, makes it easier to reach decisions, and helps with planning pleasure trips more efficiently. A majority (83) rabbit of respondents not only reads but also writes/posts travel reviews. Of those who do not write/post reviews, time constraints is the most frequently mentioned reason. Online travel review writers are mostly motivated by a concern for other consumers, helping a travel service provider and needs for extraversion/positive self-enhancement.
Almost all respondents use the Internet as an information source for planning pleasure trips and a majority (82.5) uses it every time they plan a pleasure trip. Their most frequent travel planning-related online activities are: looking at other consumers' comments/materials (90 printing out maps/directions (82.7 reading travel-related blogs (64.2 requesting printed with materials/brochures (59.9 and printing out coupons (40.7). More than half (57.8) read other travelers' online reviews every time they plan a pleasure trip while.7 read them very often or frequently. A majority uses them to narrow down choices (64.7) and in the beginning of trip planning to get ideas (63.7). Respondents most frequently look for other travelers' reviews on virtual community web sites (92.3 travel guidebook sites (60.6 online travel agency/auction sites (58.1 search engines or portal sites (51.5) and local destination Web sites (44.6). More than three quarters (77.9) of online travel review readers think that other travelers' reviews are extremely or very important for determining where to stay. The importance of reviews for other travel-related decisions is seen as much smaller. Most online travel review readers indicate that detailed descriptions (71 the type of Web site where the review is posted (64.7 and the date the review was posted (59.3) are critical to evaluating a review. A reviewer's credibility is most frequently judged based on the reviewer's travel experience (75.3 similarity in terms of activities engaged in during a trip (65.9 trip purpose (60) and writes in a polite and friendly manner (58.5).
The web-based survey effort led to 1480 useable responses, which represents.1 percent response rate. The majority of the respondents are female (64) and mostly between 35 and 64 years old (76.9) with a large percentage (69.1) having received a college or post graduate degree. A majority of the respondents (78.5) has children living in their households. Nearly half of the respondents who reported income information have an annual household income before taxes of 50,000- 109,000 and 36 percent have household incomes of 110,000 or more. The respondents generally see themselves as highly skilled at using the Internet and more than half engage in a variety of online activities such as reading blogs (64.4 rating products/services (60.9 rating reviews (57.4 watching/downloading videos (55.9 and posting/sharing photographs (55.6). The results of the study indicate that most of the surveyed m users travel frequently for pleasure. They do not like to make spontaneous decisions and plan their trips to a large extent in advance. Accordingly, they mostly start planning pleasure trips four or more months in advance and see trip planning as a critical and enjoyable process in which they become highly involved.
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Motivation to Write Online reviews iii. Gender 32 Figure. Age 32 Figure. Children under 17 living in household 33 Figure. Highest level of Education Completed 33 Figure. Total Annual household Income before taxes 34 Figure. Internet 34 Figure.
Online Activities in Past 3 35. Executive summary ever more consumers read and share travel-related content online which has been created and posted by their peers rather than by travel service providers. Understanding who these consumers are, how they determine whether content is credible, and what motivates them to post reviews is of great interest to providers of review Web sites as and well as general marketers. A total of 7,000 m users who had previously agreed to participate in a research panel were surveyed in January 2007 to: Examine the role and impact of travel reviews in the pleasure trip planning process. Identify factors which influence review readers' evaluations of a review Investigate the influence of consumer-generated reviews on trip planning Identify motivations and barriers to posting reviews Understanding the differences between frequent online travel review readers and occasional readers as well as between those who post.
Have read Other Travelers Online reviews. Frequency of reading Travelers Online. Use of Online reviews in Different Trip Planning. Importance of Travel reviews for Travel-Related Decisions. Travel Web Sites Used to find Other Travelers Online reviews. Importance of Information When evaluating a travel review.
Additional Information cues for evaluating a travel review. Influence of reviewer Characteristics on Perceived. Usefulness of review When Posted by certain Types. Other Travelers reviews Compared to Information from Travel Service Providers. Influence of Other Travelers reviews. Respondents Who have posted Online Travel. Barriers to Writing/Posting Online Travel reviews. Motivation to Write Online reviews.
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Number of Pleasure Trips in the past 12 Months. Time of Advance Trip Planning. Information source for Advance Trip Planning. Perception of Trip Planning. Involvement in Trip Planning. Trip Planning Decision making. Extent of Trip Planning. Frequency of Internet Use for Trip Planning. Activities During Online apple Trip Planning.
review Report: Volume 2, back to top. Successfully reported this slideshow. Online Travel review Report, upcoming SlideShare, loading. No downloads, no notes for slide. Online Travel review Study, role impact of Online Travel reviews Project Director:. Laboratory for Intelligent Systems in tourism Texas a m university research Staff: kyung hyan yoo melanie purifoy supported By: February, 2007. Table of Contents, list of figures 3, executive 4 1 introduction 8 2 study goals and objectives 9 3 methodology 9 4.1 trip planning behavior.2 use of other travelers online.3 evaluation of other travelers online reviews.4 influence.
2010 budget revenues amounted to rub.3 tln or 105.4 of the approved amount, rub.8 tln of which (102.5 of the calculated o g revenues) are o g revenues. 2010 budget spending came to rub.1 tln.6 of the approved budgetary allocations,.2 of budget allocations of the amended collective spending report and.7 of gdp. The cash execution of budget spending on the implementation of federal target programs totaled Rub 800 bln.5 of the approved budgetary allocations and 99 of the budgetary allocations of the amended collective spending report. The cash execution of budget spending under federal special-purpose investment programs was equal to rub 700 bln.7 of the budgetary allocations of the amended collective spending report. Expenses incurred to carry out priority national projects amounted to rub 500 bln.7 of the budgetary allocations of the amended collective spending report. As of January 1, 2011 the reserve funds aggregate resources stood at Rub 800 bln, down Rub 1 tln y-o-y, or.7, while the national Welfare fund (NWF) totaled Rub.7 tln and dropped by rub.5 bln.7. Wasc reaccreditation: Preparatory review Report, breadcrumbs, preparatory review Report. The campus' Preparatory review Report was sent to wasc on December 20, 2007. In preparation for submission, the campus wasc steering Committee invited faculty, staff and students to review and comment on the draft report between november 14, 2007, and December 5, 2007.
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The triennial review of uk sport and Sport England was launched on 21 november 2014. This report from September 2015 sets out the findings of the triennial review, which considered both bodies form and functions and the case for them to remain as non-departmental public bodies (ndpbs). Download the Triennial review report, triennial reviews are part of the governments public bodies reform programme. They provide a strong challenge to the continuing need for non-departmental public bodies (ndpbs) and review their functions, performance, control and governance arrangements. This is the first triennial review of uk sport and Sport England. The review also assessed both organisations efficiency and effectiveness, and examined their control and governance arrangements. On Thursday the russian government will review a report on the execution of the federal budget for 2010, the governments press service said in a statement. Previously the board of the russian Audit Chamber approved information about the execution of the federal budget. According to specified data, the budget deficit totaled Rub.8 tln thesis (4 of gdp).9 (Rub 600 bln) less than the approved indicator (5.3 of gdp).