And so it goes with farmers who gave up farming to become cruel jailers of their stock. I saw it firsthand when I worked upstate its like they hate their own animals for having feelings, says Cody carlson, an animal -rights activist who left investigations to go to law school. I had a job at a barn with this sick-fuck boss who was proud of the stuff he did to cows. One day, were doing repairs on a gate in the barn and a couple of cows stroll over to watch us work. Well, one grazes him with her snout, just to be playful, and he smashes her in the face with his wrench. I also got him bragging about past assaults, like tying a cow to a fence and taking turns beating her, getting the other guys to work her over.
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Its some hairy shit, going into these barns, a girl around all these guys whore cruel to pigs. She was also wired up, asking lots of questions and wallstory trying to build a case against their bosses. Luckily, she wasnt outed till after she quit, but lived in fear that her concern for sows would tip staffers off to her. If you do your job right, you could close the plant down and put 20, 30 families out of work, she says. Thats why i wouldnt go drink with them, which it seemed they did, like, every minute they were off. Back inside the barn, we walk the pens freely; the auction is so short-staffed that Sarahs colleague juan is hired to herd sold calves onto trucks. With no one around to stop her, sarah slips through a gate and kneels beside a calf that cant get. Its velveteen eyes are wet but blank; it barely stirs when jostled by other calves. He got sick and gave up, says Sarah, smoothing his hide with the calloused flat of a hand. This is the second one ive seen, and Ill bet there are more.
In Hindu mythology and Vedic era, the tiger was a symbol of power. It was often depicted as with the animal vehicle of the various forms of Goddess Durga. To endow an appropriate prominence as national animal, the royal Bengal Tiger has been featured in Indian currency notes as well as postage stamps. Sarah, who grew up in a west coast household busy with pets of all kinds birds, hamsters, a dog, a ferret, even a python got a bs in zoology, interned at a big-cat rescue and worked for a while at a zoo. But conflicted about caring for captive animals, she moved on to a sanctuary for rescued primates: spider monkeys, marmosets and such, recovered from private owners and research labs. Their treatment in these places trapped in cages their whole lives, never seeing another animal inflamed her to come out from behind the fence and put herself at risk for their sake. I didnt know this even existed as a job, but was willing to leave everything my house, my friends, family, whatever and live out of a suitcase as someone else, she says.
The Indian Wildlife Protection Act was brought into action in 1972 after the royal Bengal Tiger was declared the national Animal and it enables government agencies to take strict measures so as to ensure the conservation of the bengal tigers. Project Tiger was launched in 1973 with an aim to preserve viability of the royal Bengal Tigers in India and increase their numbers. Currently, there are 48 dedicated tiger reserves in India, several of whom has been successful in increasing the number of tigers in the respective area due to careful monitoring of individual tigers using gis methods. Strict anti-poaching rules and dedicated task force have been set up to eradicate the threat of poaching from these reserves. Ranthambore national Park is a glorious example in this regards. In Legends and Culture tiger has always held a place of prominence in Indian culture. It is one of the animals to be featured in the famed Pashupati seal of the Indus Valley civilization.
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Young male leave the mothers territory while the female tigers establish territory close to hers. Image Credit: g Threats and Conservation Efforts Decrease of forest cover leading to loss of habitat and poaching are the two biggest threats that are driving the number of royal Bengal Tigers towards being tagged endangered by the iucn red List. Increase in ang deforestation in order to provide shelter for the growing human population, has led to severe unavailability of appropriate territory area for the tigers. Human population has invaded land inside the protected areas of National Parks designated as restricted. Natural calamities like cyclones Aila had wrought considerable damage to the forest and changing climate is leading to sinking of the forested land in the sunderbans areas of West Bengal. As a consequence the tiger population is getting affected in the area.
Poaching poses another great threat towards survival of royal Bengal Tigers in India. The illegal trade in tiger skin and huge market for tiger bones and teeth for medicinal purposes fuel these gangs of poachers. Poachers set up camps in vulnerable areas and use firearms as well as poison to overpower and subsequently kill the tigers. Despite strict anti-poaching laws in place, forest authorities continue to fail in implementing them. Rajasthan's Sariska tiger Reserve lost all of its 26 tiger population in 2006, mostly to poaching.
They generally mark their territories with urine, anal gland secretions and claw marks. The females of the species are generally accompanied by her cubs until they attain adulthood. Royal Bengal Tigers are nocturnal animals. They laze around during the day and hunt during the night. They are excellent swimmers and climb trees with much ease despite their large bodies. Royal Bengal Tigers are carnivores and they prey mainly on medium sized herbivores such as chital deer, sambars, nilgais, buffalos and gaurs.
They also prey on smaller animals such as rabbits or monkeys. They have also been reported to prey on young elephant and rhino calves. These tigers use stealth to track their prey, wait till they are close to them and they pounce while aiming to overpower either by severing the spinal cord or by biting the jugular vein in the throat of the prey. The royal Bengal tigers can eat upto 30 Kg of meat at a time and can survive for three weeks without food. Life cycle male tigers reach maturity 4-5 years after birth while females attain maturity by 3-4 years of age. There is no fixed season for mating. The gestation period is 95-112 days and the size of the litter may be anywhere between 1-5 cubs.
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Royal Bengal london Tigers have muscular bodies with powerful fore limbs. They have large heads with a dense growth of fur around the lower jaw and long white whiskers. They have long canines measuring upto 10 cm and large retractable claws. They have padded paws, excellent vision, keen sense of smell and hearing. The males grow upto 3 meters in length from nose to tail and weigh somewhere in between 180 to 300. The females of the species may weigh between 100-160 Kg and attain a length of upto.6. The largest royal Bengal Tiger till date has weighed around 390. Image Credit: g Behavior by nature royal Bengal tigers are solitary and generally do not form packs. They are territorial and the size of their territories depends on the abundance of prey.
Bandipur National Park in Karnataka has the highest number of royal Bengal Tigers at 408 closely followed by Uttarakhand with340 tigers and Madhya pradesh with 308. Habitat The royal Bengal Tigers occupy several habitats in India and may be found in grasslands and dry scrub land (Ranthambore in Rajasthan tropical and subtropical rainforests (Corbett in Uttarakhand/Periyar in Kerala mangroves (Sunderbans both wet and dry deciduous forests (Kanha in Madhya pradesh/Simlipal. Physical Traits royal Bengal Tigers are one of the most handsome and regal animals found in India. They have a coat of short hair, reddish brown to golden orange in color with vertical black stripes and a white underbelly. The eye color is yellow or amber with black pupils. Royal write Bengal Tigers can also have a white coat with brown or black stripes and blue eye color. The white color of the coat is due to a mutation in the gene producing pigment pheomelanin and not due to albinism. The pattern of stripes on the coat is distinctive for each tiger and helps in their identification.
It is representative of all these qualities as the national animal of India. Scientific name for the royal Bengal Tiger is Panthera tigris tigris and it is the largest of the four big cats under the genus Panthera (Lion, tiger, jaguars and leopards).The royal Bengal Tiger is among the eight varieties of tigers found in India. Scientific Classification The scientific classification of royal Bengal Tigers is as follows: Kingdom: Animalia phylum: Chordata Clade: Synapsida Class: Mammalia order: Carnivora family: Felidae genus: Panthera Species: Panthera tigris. In India, it is found in most parts of the country except the north-eastern regions. They are found in the jungles of West Bengal, madhya pradesh, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh, karnataka and Odisha. India now is home to 70 of the world s tiger population. As of 2016 a total number of 2500 adult or sub-adult tigers.5 years or more are present in the various tiger reserves across India.
The choice is based on several criteria. The national animal may be selected based on how well it represents certain characteristics that a country wants to be identified with. It has to have a rich history as part of the countrys heritage and culture. The animal should be in friend abundance within the country. Mostly a national animal should be indigenous to that particular country and exclusive to the countrys identity. It should be a source of visual beauty. The national animal is also chosen based on the conservation status of the animal to enable better efforts towards its continued survival due to the official status.
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National animal of India is the royal Bengal Tiger. This essay provides some interesting information on tiger. Common Name: royal Bengal Tiger, scientific Name: Panthera tigris tigris, adopted in: 1972. Found in: India, nepal, bangladesh, myanmar, Sri lanka. Habitat: Grasslands, forests, mangrove vegetation, eating Habits: Carnivorous, average weight: Male 220 Kg; Female 140. Average length: Male upto 3 m; Female - upto.6. Average lifespan: 8-10 years in wild, average Speed: real 60km/h, conservation Status: Endangered (iucn red List current number: 2500 in 2016. Image Credit: g, a national animal is one of the symbolic representatives of a countrys natural abundance.