1 Operation Neptune Spear The official mission code name was Operation Neptune Spear. 4 Neptune's spear is the trident, which appears on the. Navy's Special Warfare insignia, with the three prongs of the trident representing the operational capacity of seals on sea, air and land. Objective the Associated Press reported at the time two. Officials as stating the operation was "a kill-or-capture mission, since the. Doesn't kill unarmed people trying to surrender but that "it was clear from the beginning that whoever was behind those walls had no intention of surrendering". 50 White house counterterrorism advisor John. Brennan said after the raid: "If we had the opportunity to take bin Laden alive, if he didn't present any threat, the individuals involved were able and prepared to do that." 51 cia director leon Panetta said on pbs newsHour : "The authority here was.
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The cia team used informants and other line techniques including a widely criticized fake polio vaccination program 42 43 to gather intelligence on the reviews compound. The safe house was abandoned immediately after bin Laden's death. National geospatial-Intelligence Agency helped the joint Special Operations Command create mission simulators for the pilots, and analyzed data from an rq-170 44 drone before, during and after the raid on the compound. The nga created three-dimensional renderings of the house, created schedules describing residential traffic patterns, and assessed the number, height and gender of the residents of the compound. 45 Also involved in the intelligence gathering measures were an arm of the national Security Agency known as the tailored Access Operations group 46 which, among other things, is specialized in surreptitiously installing spyware and tracking devices on targeted computers and mobile-phone networks. Because of the work of the tailored Access Operations group, the nsa could collect intelligence from mobile phones that were used by al-qaeda operatives and other "persons of interest" in the hunt for bin Laden. 47 The design of bin Laden's compound may have ultimately contributed to his discovery. A former cia official involved in the manhunt told The washington Post : "The place was three stories high, and you could watch it from a variety of angles." 1 The cia used a process called " red teaming " on the collected intelligence. 48 An administration official stated, "We conducted red-team exercises and other forms of alternative analysis to check our work. No other candidate fit the bill as well as bin Laden did." Despite what officials described as an extraordinarily concentrated collection effort leading up to the operation,. Spy agency was ever able to capture a photograph of bin Laden at the compound before the raid or a recording of the voice of the mysterious male figure whose family occupied the structure's top two floors.
The compound.8 miles (1.3 km) southwest of the pakistan Military Academy. 4 Located on a plot of land eight times larger than those of nearby houses, the compound was surrounded by a 12-to-18-foot (3.75.5 m) 35 concrete wall topped with barbed wire. 34 It had two security gates, and the third-floor balcony had a seven-foot-high (2.1 m) privacy wall, tall enough to hide the 6 ft 4 in supermarket (193 cm) bin Laden. The compound had no Internet or landline telephone service. Its residents burned their refuse, unlike their neighbors, who set their garbage out for collection. 36 Local residents called the building the waziristan haveli, because they believed the owner was from waziristan. 39 Following the American raid and killing of bin Laden, the pakistani government demolished the compound in February 2012. 40 Intelligence gathering cia aerial photo of the compound The cia led the effort to surveil and gather intelligence on the compound; other critical roles in the operation were played by other United States agencies, including the national Security Agency, national geospatial-Intelligence Agency (nga office. Officials told The washington Post that the intelligence-gathering effort "was so extensive and costly that the cia went to congress in December 2010 to secure authority to reallocate tens of millions of dollars within assorted agency budgets to fund." 1 The cia rented.
Pakistani officials have found no record of an Arshad Khan in that area and suspect the men were living under false identities. 33 Bin Laden's compound main article: Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad view of the compound The cia used surveillance photos and intelligence reports to determine the identities of the inhabitants of the Abbottabad compound to which the courier was traveling. In September 2010, the cia concluded that the compound was custom-built to hide someone of significance, very likely bin Laden. 34 35 Officials surmised that he was living there with his youngest wife and family. 35 built in 2004, the three-story 36 compound was at the end of a narrow dirt road. 37 google earth maps made from satellite photographs show that the compound was not present in 2001 but had been built by the time that new images were taken in 2005. 38 It is located.5 miles (4.0 km) northeast of the city center of Abbottabad. 34 Abbottabad is about 100 miles (160 km) from the Afghanistan border on the far eastern side of pakistan (about 20 miles (32 km) from India).
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27 he told cia interrogators that bin Laden's courier was a man named maulawi Abd al-Khaliq Jan and ray denied knowing al-Kuwaiti. Because both Mohammed and al-Libbi had minimized al-Kuwaiti's importance, officials speculated that he was part of bin Laden's inner circle. 25 In 2007, officials learned al-Kuwaiti's real name, 28 though they said they would disclose neither the name nor how they learned. 25 pakistani officials in 2011 stated the courier's name was Ibrahim saeed Ahmed, from pakistan's Swat Valley. He and his brother Abrar and their families were essay living at bin Laden's compound, the officials said. 29 Since the name maulawi Abd al-Khaliq Jan appears in the jtf-gtmo detainee assessment for Abu faraj al-Libbi released by wikileaks on April 24, 2011, 30 there was speculation that the. Assault on the Abbottabad compound was expedited as a precaution.
31 The cia never found anyone named maulawi jan and concluded that the name was an invention of al-Libbi. 25 A 2010 wiretap of another suspect picked up a conversation with al-Kuwaiti. Cia paramilitary operatives located al-Kuwaiti in August 2010 and followed him back to the Abbottabad compound, which led them to speculate it was bin Laden's location. 22 The courier and a relative (who was either a brother or a cousin) were killed in the may 2, 2011 raid. 25 Afterward, some locals identified the men as Pashtuns named Arshad and Tareq Khan. 32 Arshad Khan was carrying an old, noncomputerized pakistani identification card, which identified him as from Khat Kuruna, a village near Charsadda in northwestern pakistan.
21 Identity of his courier According to the earlier official version of his identification from. Official, identification of al-qaeda couriers was an early priority for interrogators at cia black sites and the guantanamo bay detention camp, because bin Laden was believed to communicate through such couriers while concealing his whereabouts from al-qaeda foot soldiers and top commanders. 22 Bin Laden was known not to use phones after 1998, when the. Had launched missile strikes against his bases in Afghanistan in August by tracking an associate's satellite phone. Official had stated that by 2002, interrogators had heard uncorroborated claims about an al-qaeda courier with the kunya abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti (sometimes referred to as Sheikh Abu Ahmed from Kuwait). 22 One of those claims came from Mohammed al-Qahtani, a detainee interrogated for 48 days more or less continuously between november 23, 2002, and January 11, 2003.
At some point during this period, al-Qahtani told interrogators about a man known as Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti who was part of the inner circle of al-qaeda. 24 Later in 2003, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the alleged operational chief of al-qaeda, stated that he was acquainted with al-Kuwaiti, but that the man was not active in al-qaeda, according to. 25 According to. Official, in 2004 a prisoner named Hassan Ghul revealed that bin Laden relied on a trusted courier known as al-Kuwaiti. 25 26 Ghul stated that al-Kuwaiti was close to bin Laden as well as Khalid Sheik mohammed and Mohammed's successor Abu faraj al-Libbi. Ghul revealed that al-Kuwaiti had not been seen in some time, which led. Officials to suspect he was traveling with bin Laden. When confronted with Ghul's account, mohammed maintained his original story. 25 Abu faraj al-Libbi was captured in 2005 and transferred to guantánamo in September 2006.
Chapter 1: Prolouge, a percy
Began local and satellite surveillance of bin Laden's Abbottabad residence. 18 According to the retired senior. Intelligence official speaking to hersh, bin Laden was ill at this point, financially supported revelation by some within saudi Arabia, and kept by the isi to better manage their complex relationship with pakistani and Afghan Islamist groups. 18 According to the official, retired cia officials emphasized the importance of bin Laden's courier to the press, because they were nervous over torture scrutiny and possible prosecution. In may 2015 the german newspaper Bild am Sonntag reviews reported that Germany's Federal Intelligence service (BND) was aware that bin Laden was in pakistan with the knowledge of pakistani intelligence services. 21 The bnd informed the cia that bin Laden was in pakistan and Bild am Sonntag states that the cia then found his "precise location" through a courier. Der Spiegel questioned the veracity of the report, produced in the midst of a scandal over bnd and nsa collaboration.
According to journalist seymour Hersh and nbc news, however, the. Was tipped off about bin Laden's location by a pakistani intelligence officer who thesis offered details of where the pakistani Intelligence service held him in detention in exchange for a bounty. Isi walk-in places bin Laden in Abbottabad In August 2010, a former pakistani intelligence officer approached the. Embassy station chief in Islamabad and offered to reveal bin Laden's location, in return for the 25 million reward, according to a retired senior. 18 This story was corroborated by two. Intelligence officials speaking to nbc news, and had been previously reported by intelligence analyst raelynn Hillhouse. 19 20 The pakistani official informed. Intelligence that bin Laden had been located by pakistani isi in 2006, and held under house arrest near pakistani intelligence and military centers ever since. The official passed polygraph tests, after which the.
pakistani public. 13 Legal and ethical aspects of the killing, such as his not being taken alive despite being unarmed, were questioned by others, including Amnesty International. 14 Also controversial was the decision not to release any photographic or dna evidence of bin Laden's death to the public. 15 In the aftermath of the killing, pakistani Prime minister yousaf raza gillani formed a commission under Senior Justice javed Iqbal to investigate the circumstances surrounding the attack. The resulting Abbottabad Commission Report, which revealed pakistani state military and intelligence authorities collective failure that enabled bin Laden to hide in pakistan for nine years, was leaked to Al jazeera on July 8, 2013. 17 Contents The search for bin Laden main article: search for Osama bin Laden Accounts of how bin Laden was located. The White house and cia director John Brennan stated that the process began with a fragment of information unearthed in 2002, resulting in years of investigation. This account states that by september 2010, these leads followed a courier to the Abbottabad compound, where the. Began intensive multiplatform surveillance.
September 11 attacks on the United States. The raid on bin Laden's compound in, abbottabad, pakistan was launched from, afghanistan. Military officials said that after the raid. Forces took bin Laden's body to Afghanistan for identification, then buried him at sea within 24 resume hours of his death in accordance with Islamic tradition. 7, al-qaeda confirmed the death on may 6 with posts made on militant websites, vowing to avenge the killing. 8 Other pakistani militant groups, including the tehrik-i-taliban pakistan, vowed retaliation against the. And against pakistan for not preventing the operation.
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Osama bin Laden, the founder and first leader of the. Islamist group, al-qaeda, was killed in, pakistan on may 2, 2011 shortly after 1:00 am. Pkt 1 2 (20:00, utc, may 1) by, united States navy seals of the,. Naval Special Warfare development Group (also known as devgru or seal team Six). The operation, code-named, operation Neptune Spear, was carried out. Cia -led operation with, joint Special Operations Command, commonly known as jsoc, coordinating the Special Mission Units involved in the raid. In addition to seal team Six, participating units under jsoc included the 160th Special Operations aviation Regiment (Airborne) — also known as "Night Stalkers" — and operators from the cia's, special Activities division, which recruits heavily from former jsoc special Mission Units. The operation ended a nearly 10-year search for plan bin Laden, following his role in the.