It is also important in pregnant women, because it can affect the development of the fetus. Because phenylalanine is a component of aspartame, it's important that people with pku limit their intake of aspartame. That is why any product (including medicines) containing aspartame has the warning Phenylketonurics: contains phenylalanine. Claims have been made that aspartame is related to health effects ranging from mild problems such as headache, dizziness, digestive symptoms, and changes in mood, to more serious health issues such as Alzheimer disease, birth defects, diabetes, gulf War syndrome, attention deficit disorders, parkinson disease. However, studies done to date have not found any consistent evidence of harm. Should I limit my exposure to aspartame? Aside from the effects in people with phenylketonuria, no health problems have been consistently linked to aspartame use.
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Though research into a possible link between aspartame and cancer continues, these agencies agree that studies done so far have not found papers such a link. Does aspartame cause any other health problems? Complaints of various health issues have circulated since aspartame first appeared on the market in the 1980s. But for most people, no health problems have clearly been linked to aspartame use. Phenylketonuria (pku phenylketonuria is a rare genetic disorder (present at birth) in which the body can't break down phenylalanine, an amino acid found in many foods. Levels of phenylalanine can build up in the blood, which prevents other important chemicals (like amino acids) from getting to the brain. Unless phenylalanine intake is severely limited, children with pku suffer from abnormal brain development. Pku is usually detected in babies by a routine blood test shortly after birth. People with pku need to follow a phenylalanine-restricted diet. This is especially important in children, whose brains are still developing.
In the largest study of night this issue, researchers from the nci looked at cancer rates in more than 500,000 older adults. The study found that, compared to people who did not drink aspartame-containing beverages, those who did drink them did not have an increased risk of lymphomas, leukemias, or brain tumors. A recent study of more than 125,000 people found a link between consumption of aspartame sweetened soda and the risk of leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma in men, but not in women. Since it also found a link between sugar sweetened soda and lymphoma in men, the researchers concluded that the links they found could be explained by chance. What expert agencies say, expert agencies in the United States and elsewhere that have evaluated aspartame have found it safe for use. The food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the use of aspartame and other artificial sweeteners in the United States. In 2007, the fda stated: Considering results from the large number of studies on aspartame's safety, including five previously conducted negative chronic carcinogenicity studies, a recently reported large epidemiology study with negative associations between the use of aspartame and the occurrence of tumors, and negative. The european food Safety authority (efsa) assesses the safety of sweeteners such as aspartame in the european Union. According to a 2009 report from its Panel on food Additives and Nutrient sources Added to food: overall, the panel concluded, on the basis of all the evidence currently available that there is no indication of any genotoxic or carcinogenic potential of aspartame and that.
These studies have not found any health problems that are consistently linked with aspartame. Two studies published by a group of Italian researchers suggested that very high doses of aspartame might increase business the risk of some blood-related cancers (leukemias and lymphomas) in rats. However, both the fda and the efsa have called these results into question, citing a lack of some important data in the published studies and other concerns. Most studies in people have not found that aspartame use is linked to an increased risk of cancer. One early study suggested that an increased rate of brain tumors in the us during the 1980s might have been related to aspartame use. However, according to the national Cancer Institute (nci the increase in brain tumor rates actually began back in the early 1970s, well before aspartame was in use. And most of the increase was seen in people age 70 and older, a group that was not exposed to the highest doses of aspartame, which might also make this link less likely. Other studies have not found an increase in brain tumors related to aspartame use.
Researchers use 2 main types of studies to try to determine if a substance or exposure causes cancer. (A substance that causes cancer or helps cancer grow is called a carcinogen. in studies done in the lab, animals are exposed to a substance (often in very large doses) to see if it causes tumors or other health problems. It's not always clear if the results from these types of studies will apply to humans, but lab studies are the best way to find out if a substance has the potential to cause cancer in humans before widespread exposure occurs. Another type of study looks at cancer rates in different groups of people. Such a study might compare the cancer rate in a group exposed to a substance versus the rate in a group not exposed to it, or compare it to what the expected cancer rate would be in the general population. But studies in people can sometimes be hard to interpret, because there may be other factors affecting the results that are hard to account for. In most cases neither type of study provides definitive evidence on its own, so researchers usually look at both lab-based and human studies if they are available. Studies done in the lab, many studies have looked for health effects in lab animals fed aspartame, often in doses higher than 4,000 mg/kg per day over their lifetimes.
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They do not cause health problems in most people. However people with the disease phenylketonuria (discussed in more detail later on) need to restrict their intake of phenylalanine, and so are usually counseled to avoid aspartame. How is aspartame regulated? In the United States, artificial sweeteners such as aspartame are regulated by the food and Drug Administration (FDA). These products must be tested for safety and approved by the fda before they can be used. The fda also sets an acceptable daily intake (ADI) for each sweetener, which fire is the maximum amount considered advantage safe to consume each day during a person's lifetime. The adi is set to be about 100 times less than the smallest amount that might cause health concerns, based on studies done in lab animals.
The fda has set the adi for aspartame at 50 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) of body weight. The european food Safety authority (efsa which regulates food additives in the european Union, recommends a slightly lower adi for aspartame, at 40 mg/kg. To put the adi for aspartame in perspective, this would be 3,750 milligrams per day for a typical adult weighing 75 kilograms (about 165 pounds far more than most adults take in daily. A 12 ounce can of diet soda usually contains about 192 milligrams of aspartame and a packet of the tabletop sweetener contains about 35mg. An adult weighing 165 pounds would have to drink more than 19 cans of diet soda a day or consume more than 107 packets to go over the recommended level. Does aspartame cause cancer?
Aspartame is made by joining together the amino acids aspartic acid and phenylalanine. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins and are found naturally in many foods. Aspartame is used in many foods and beverages because it is about 200 times sweeter than sugar, so much less of it can be used to give the same level of sweetness. This, in turn, lowers the calories in the food or beverage. Rumors claiming that aspartame causes a number of health problems, including cancer, have been around for many years.
Many of these continue to circulate on the Internet. How are people exposed to aspartame? Aspartame has been used in the United States since the early 1980s. It is now found in thousands of different food products. Aspartame is commonly used as a tabletop sweetener, as a sweetener in prepared foods and beverages, and in recipes that do not require too much heating (since heat breaks down aspartame). It can also be found as a flavoring in some medicines. In the body, aspartame is broken down into phenylalanine, aspartic acid, and methanol. Methanol can be toxic in high amounts, but the amounts that result from the breakdown of aspartame is lower than that found in many natural foods, such as many fruit juices. Phenylalanine and aspartic acid are amino acids and are naturally present in many foods that contain protein.
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The cyclopædia of American biography. New York: The Press Association Compilers, Inc. 1 reynolds company, frequently asked questions. Retrieved October 1, word 2014 "Waxed paper". Retrieved missing or empty title ( help ) External links edit media related to wax paper at wikimedia commons Retrieved from " p? Aspartame is one of the most common artificial sweeteners in use today. It is sold under the brand names NutraSweet and Equal.
Turntablists (DJs) commonly place one time or multiple sheets of wax paper under their records to increase record slip and aid in scratch (where the record is rotated in a number of different ways by a finger to create special sound effects) routines. In photography, wax paper can be used as a light diffuser. Environmental issues edit There are multiple environmental issues concerned with wax paper. Though it is biodegradable in its unaltered form citation needed, oft-applied additives such as petroleum rid it of that quality. Wax paper also cannot be recycled. 5 see also edit references edit jawad Shuaib (December 29, 2008). "9 Inventions Edison Did Not make". Retrieved omans, james.,. " Frasch, herman ".
packs. Plastic ( mylar ) or other plastic/paper blends were used from then. Wax paper is also commonly used to attach pattern pieces to fabric while cutting it for sewing. One presses an iron over the wax paper briefly and attaches it to the cloth, making it easier to trace while cutting. When children's playground slides were made of metal, it was common to sit on a piece of wax paper. This would not only lessen the heat, it would make the ride much faster. Wax paper's particularly high dielectric strength makes it a practical electrical insulator, although modern materials have surpassed and mostly replaced. Common applications are coil winding separators and capacitor dielectrics, and other applications requiring resilience against a potential difference up to the order of a few thousand volts per layer.
Contents, food preparation edit, oven: wax paper is not recommended for baking use as it will smoke. 3, parchment paper is better for this use. Microwave: wax paper can be used to prevent splatters by covering the food when microwave cooking. Since the paper is mostly unaffected by microwaves, it will not heat to the point of combustion under normal usage. This makes wax paper more functional than plastic wrap which will melt at higher temperatures, or aluminium foil which is not safe for use in most microwave ovens. Other uses edit safety razor thesis blades are traditionally wrapped in wax paper to make handling them less dangerous. 4 Wax paper can also be used to make long lasting paper boats because of its high resistance to water. From the early 1950s to the mid-1990s, wax paper was used as a common wrapping for sports card packages (o-pee-chee, topps, donruss, etc.). It was notorious for leaving wax markings on the back card where the wax paper was heated to be sealed.
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From business wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, jump to navigation, jump to search. Wax paper, wax paper (also waxed paper or paraffin paper ) is paper that has been made moisture-proof through the application of wax. The practice of oiling parchment or paper in order to make it semi-translucent or moisture-proof goes back at least to the. Paper impregnated or coated with purified beeswax was widely used throughout the 19th century to retain or exclude moisture, or to wrap odorous products. Gustave le gray introduced the use of waxed paper for photographic negatives in 1851. 1, natural wax was largely replaced for the making of wax paper (or paraffine paper) after. Herman Frasch developed ways of purifying paraffin and coating paper with it in 1876. 2, wax paper is commonly used in cooking for its non-stick properties, and wrapping food for storage, such as cookies, as it keeps water out. It is also used in arts and crafts.