It is known as the seventh largest country in the world. The Indian subcontinent is predominantly occupied by India itself. The Indian subcontinent in its turn is situated on the Indian Plate. The deccan plateau makes up a large part of the southern Indian Peninsula. Some of Indias states are in the himalayan mountain Range and the majority posses a sufficiently fertile soul for agriculture as are situated in the Indo-gangetic plain. The waters of the Indian Ocean wash the republic of India. In addition to the part of India situated on the peninsula, it has islands - sri lanka, maldives and Indonesia.
Essay on, mahatma, gandhi
India is one of the countries that play a rather important business part in the development of the worlds culture and economy in some spheres. India is also one of the most beautiful countries of the planet. Its culture and traditions can fairly be called the richest and the most authentic. Unfortunately, concerning the economical impact India makes into the worlds economy it must be mentioned that India is not very developed and it regarded as a developing and not a developed country. Nevertheless, the developing title did not influence the cultural peculiarities of India. India is not similar to any Asian country not mentioning the european countries because it is very individual. This is primarily due to the fact that India consists of 28 states and each state has its own state language, religion and ethnic pattern. India is basically a constellation of religions, as it is the place plan where almost every worlds religion is represented. The republic of India is also rather interesting in terms of its geography, government structure, political parties and social stratification. The republic of India is situated in south Asia.
Example of a research Paper essay on, countries about: India / geography / culture / political mini parties / government, essay topic: India as one of the countries playing an important role in the development of the worlds culture and economy. Essay questions: Why is India considered to be an important part in the development of the worlds culture and economy? How does Indias location and climate influence its economical potential? How is Indias social structure different from the ordinary social structure? Thesis Statement: The republic of India is also rather interesting in terms of its geography, government structure, political parties and social stratification. India essay, table of contents:. Society and political parties.
In november 1997, the congress Party in India again withdrew support for the United Front. New elections in February 1998 brought the bjp the largest number of seats in Parliament182but fell far short of a majority. On March 20, 1998, the President inaugurated a bjp-led coalition government with Vajpayee again serving as Prime minister. On may 11 and 13, 1998, this government conducted a series of underground nuclear tests forcing. President Clinton to impose economic sanctions on India pursuant to the 1994 Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act. In April 1999, the bjp-led coalition government fell apart, leading to fresh elections in September. The national Democratic Alliance-a new coalition led by the bjp-gained a majority to form the government with Vajpayee as Prime minister in October 1999.
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This loose coalition collapsed in november 1990, and the government was controlled for a short period by a breakaway janata dal group supported by congress (I with Chandra Shekhar as Prime minister. That alliance also collapsed, resulting in national elections in June 1991. On may 27, 1991, while campaigning in Tamil Nadu on behalf of Congress (i rajiv gandhi was assassinated, apparently by tamil limited extremists from Sri lanka. In the elections, congress (I) won 213 parliamentary seats and put together a coalition, returning to power under the leadership. This Congress-led government, which served a full 5-year term, initiated a gradual process of economic liberalization and reform, which has opened the Indian economy to global trade and investment. Indias domestic politics also took new shape, as traditional alignments by caste, creed, and ethnicity gave way to a plethora of small, regionally based political parties.
The final months of the rao-led government in the spring of 1996 were marred by several major political corruption scandals, which contributed to the worst electoral performance by the congress Party in its history. The hindu-nationalist Bharatiya janata party (BJP) emerged from the may 1996 national elections as the single-largest party in the lok sabha but without enough strength to prove a majority on the floor of that Parliament. Under Prime minister Atal Bihari vajpayee, the bjp coalition lasted in power 13 days. With all political parties wishing to avoid another round of elections, a 14-party coalition led persuasive by the janata dal emerged to form a government known as the United Front, under the former Chief Minister of Karnataka,. His government lasted less than a year, as the leader of the congress Party withdrew his support in March 1997. Inder Kumar Gujral replaced deve gowda as the consensus choice for Prime minister of a 16-party United Front coalition.
In 1975, beset with deepening political and economic problems, Mrs. Gandhi declared a state of emergency and suspended many civil liberties. Seeking a mandate at the polls for her policies, she called for elections in 1977, only to be defeated by moraji desai, who headed the janata party, an amalgam of five opposition parties. In 1979, desais government crumbled. Charan Singh formed an interim government, which was followed by Mrs. Gandhis return to power in January 1980.
On October 31, 1984, Mrs. Gandhi was assassinated, and her son, rajiv, was chosen by the congress (I)for IndiraParty to take her place. His government was brought down in 1989 by allegations of corruption and was followed. Singh and then Chandra Shekhar. In the 1989 elections, although Rajiv gandhi and Congress won more seats in the 1989 elections than any other single party, he was unable to form a government with a clear majority. The janata dal, a union of opposition parties, was able to form a government with the help of the hindu-nationalist Bharatiya janata party (BJP) on the right and the communists on the left.
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On August 15, 1947, India became a dominion within the commonwealth, with Jawaharlal Nehru as Prime minister. Enmity between Hindus and Muslims led the British to partition British India, creating East and West pakistan, where there were muslim majorities. India became a republic within the commonwealth after promulgating its constitution on January 26, 1950. After independence, the congress Party, the party of Mahatma gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, ruled India under the influence first of Nehru and then his daughter and grandson, with the exception of two brief periods in the 1970s and 1980s. Prime minister Nehru governed India until his death in 1964. He was succeeded year by lal Bahadur Shastri, who also died in office. In 1966, power passed to nehrus daughter, Indira gandhi, prime minister from 1966 to 1977.
The first British outpost in south Asia was established in 1619 at Surat on the northwestern coast. Later in the century, the east India company opened permanent trading stations at Madras, bombay, and Calcutta, each under the protection of native rulers. The British expanded their influence songs from these footholds until, by the 1850s, they controlled most of present-day india, pakistan, and Bangladesh. In 1857, a rebellion in north India led by mutinous Indian soldiers caused the British Parliament to transfer all political power from the east India company to the Crown. Great Britain began administering most of India directly while controlling the rest through treaties with local the late 1800s, the first steps were taken toward self-government in British India with the appointment of Indian councilors to advise the British viceroy and the establishment of provincial. Beginning in 1920, Indian leader Mohandas. Gandhi transformed the Indian National Congress political party into a mass movement to campaign against British colonial rule. The party used both parliamentary and nonviolent resistance and non-cooperation to achieve independence.
was unified under the gupta dynasty. During this period, known as Indias Golden Age, hindu culture and political administration reached new heights. Islam spread across the Indian subcontinent over a period of 500 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, turks and Afghans invaded India and established sultanates in Delhi. In the early 16th century, descendants of Genghis Khan swept across the Khyber Pass and established the mughal (Mogul) Dynasty, which lasted for 200 years. From the 11th to the 15th centuries, southern India was dominated by hindu Chola and Vijayanagar Dynasties. During this time, the two systemsthe prevailing Hindu and Muslimmingled, leaving lasting cultural influences on each other.
Indira gandhi, lala lajpat rai, maulana Abul Kalam azad, subhas Chandra bose. Dadabhai naoroji sardar Vallabhbhai patel bipin Chandra pal tantia tope khudiram Bose history of Indian coins currencies Rupee symbol 2010 biographies: Great indian scientists, Great poets, Great devotees, personalities, great leaders, Freedom fighters, Great Kings queens, sages, rishis saints Indian History important events History. An overview : The people of India have had a continuous civilization since 2500. C., when the owl inhabitants of the Indus river valley developed an urban culture based on commerce and sustained by agricultural trade. This civilization declined around 1500. C., probably due to ecological changes. During the second millennium. C., pastoral, Aryan-speaking tribes migrated from the northwest into the subcontinent.
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Ancient India, the Indus Valley civilisation, Harrapa, aryans and the vedic Age, rise of Religions and Emergence of the State, The gupta Age, the southern Kingdoms, and India through the passage of time. Medieval India, the muslim Invasion, The marathas, coming of the europeans, east India company. Indian Religion, independance of india. Indias freedom struggle, wars, list of Prime ministers presidents of India. Indian Freedom Fighters, mohandas Karamchand with Gandhi, annie besant. Rani lakshmibai, bhikaji cama, mangal Pandey, lal Bahadur Shastri. Sarojini naidu, bhagat Singh, chandrasekhar azad, bal Gangadhar Tilak. Rajendra Prasad, chakravarti rajagopalachari, gopal Krishna gokhale, jawaharlal Nehru.